Tomorrow is the Dragon Boat Festival.In ancient China, the Dragon Boat Festival is a disease prevention and health care Festival.In order to protect people from harm, a few weeds are hanging around the gate.It is the so-called "holding AI flag in hand to recruit hundred blessings, gate hanging Pu sword to cut off thousands of evils".Because after the Dragon Boat Festival, the weather gradually became hot, mosquitoes and flies began to breed, and five poisons gradually emerged.The peculiar fragrance produced by wormwood can repel mosquitoes, flies and ants, purify the air and prevent the plague.
After airing and sorting, moxa wormwood can be made for moxibustion.According to traditional Chinese medicine, moxibustion can "penetrate all meridians and treat all kinds of diseases". It has the effects of dredging meridians and activating collaterals, promoting qi and activating blood circulation, dispelling cold and dampness, returning yang to save adverse reactions, and preventing diseases and health care.Modern medicine has also proved that the flavonoids in wormwood have strong antioxidant activity.During the epidemic, you may as well do moxibustion at home, or to prevent the invasion of viruses and other pathogens.
"There are three years in my family, but the doctor doesn't use it"
Chinese people have a long tradition of using wormwood to expel pathogens and diseases.Some places make wormwood into the shape of a tiger and wear it on the body, called Dai Aihu.In some places, the wormwood is twisted into long ropes and then ignited.There are also places where moxa leaf is used to make wine.These applications of wormwood often appear in ancient literature.For example, Zong Xuan, a writer of the southern and Northern Dynasties, recorded in his book "the record of the age of Jingchu" that "before the rooster crows, the one who picks the wormwood is like a human, and then takes it and collects it for moxibustion.It is the day to pick AI for human shape, hanging on the household, can kill poison gas. ".According to the records of Fengtu of Jin Dynasty: "AI is shaped like a tiger, or a ribbon is cut as a small tiger, and the leaf of Artemisia argyi is pasted. My wife competes to cut it.After that, it was more like a calamus, or in the shape of a human or a Xiao sword. It was called Pu Jian
The reason why people have these customs is that wormwood has high medicinal value.Artemisia argyi is the herb of pure Yang. It has the functions of warming meridians, stopping bleeding, dispersing cold and relieving pain, regulating menstruation and calming fetus. It is one of the important hemostatic drugs and is commonly used in gynecology of traditional Chinese medicine.There is a folk proverb that "a doctor can't use it for three years".Processing moxa leaf into moxa velvet is one of the important medicinal materials for moxibustion treatment."Famous doctor bielu" first recorded Artemisia argyi as a drug: "Artemisia argyi, slightly warm, non-toxic.Main moxibustion diseases.It can be used for decocting, stopping dysentery, vomiting blood, hiding sores in the lower part, bleeding of women, promoting Yin Qi, generating muscle, dispelling wind and cold, and making people have children. ".
Moxibustion is simple and effective in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases
Traditional Chinese medicine uses moxa smoke to prevent and control infectious diseases.Ge Hong, a physician of Jin Dynasty, recorded in detail in his "elbow reserve emergency prescription" that "moxibustion should be used to strengthen the four corners of the patient's bed to prevent contamination", that is, moxa smoke was used to disinfect the air.Moxa stick smoke houses, prevention of upper respiratory tract infection, prevention of pneumonia, disinfection and sterilization, anthelmintic, detoxification, odor and other functions.When burning, moxa velvet releases a lot of heat and smoke, which can kill a variety of bacteria and viruses that cause epidemic diseases.During the period of SARS in 2003, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of traditional Chinese medicine added moxa stick to smoke in addition to daily cleaning and disinfection.At that time, there were no deaths and almost no cross infection.
Moxibustion therapy is to stimulate acupoints on the body surface through the heat energy generated by the burning of moxa fleece. Through the conduction of meridians, it can supplement the healthy qi, stimulate and mobilize the internal disease resistance ability of the human body, and play a role in strengthening the body's Qi and eliminating pathogens, and returning to the Yang for epidemic prevention.Sun Simiao, the king of medicine, wrote in his book "preparation of a thousand gold prescriptions for emergencies", there is such a saying: "when an official travels in Wu and Shu, he often needs moxibustion in three or two places. If the sore is not temporary, then the miasma, fever, malaria and poisonous gas can not touch people.""Miaomic plague, warm malaria and poisonous gas" are also known as infectious diseases in modern times.
Modern pharmacological studies have confirmed that there are volatile oil compounds in Artemisia argyi leaves, which can inhibit Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus A / b hemolysis and Neisseria.The water extract or Decoction of Artemisia argyi can inhibit Staphylococcus aureus and other bacteria and viruses in different degrees.According to the clinical manifestations of fever, fatigue, dry cough and diarrhea, and the syndrome evolution characteristics of cold dampness closed lung, epidemic toxin closed lung, internal closed and external detachment, lung spleen qi deficiency, and with reference to the guidance of moxibustion intervention given by China Acupuncture Association, we suggest that the public can try moxibustion at Zusanli, Neiguan, Hegu, Qihai, Guanyuan, Sanyinjiao, etcMoxibustion at each point for about 10 minutes may improve immunity.
Notes on moxibustion at home
Moxibustion is a traditional Chinese medicine external treatment method with a history of thousands of years. Its curative effect has been confirmed by the clinical practice of countless physicians in all dynasties.Moxibustion has many advantages, such as simple operation, low cost and remarkable effect. However, there are some precautions during moxibustion. If moxibustion is used for personal health care and prevention at home during the epidemic, the following points should be paid attention to:
(1) Contraindications of Moxibustion: do not use moxibustion on the face, do not use scar moxibustion at the joints (that is, moxibustion method of burning moxa velvet directly on the skin), and avoid the great arteries, heart parts, venous blood vessels and tendon potential parts.
(2) Moxibustion is not suitable for patients with exogenous febrile disease, yin deficiency constitution, internal heat constitution and excess heat syndrome.
(3) Moxibustion should be used cautiously for those who are fasting, overworked, full, hungry, drunk, thirsty, frightened, frightened and angry, extremely tired and afraid of moxibustion.
(4) Moxibustion time: morning, afternoon can be, generally cloudy and sunny days do not need to avoid.
(5) If there is no pus or blister on the skin after moxibustion, you can take a normal bath. If there is moxibustion sore, you should be careful of the surface of the sore, do not soak for too long, and be careful to wash away the moxibustion scab.
In addition to the above precautions, we also need to pay attention to the fact that it is normal for the skin to appear red after moxibustion. However, if the heat of moxa fire is too strong and the moxibustion is too heavy, and blisters occur on the skin, we should go to the hospital for appropriate treatment.After moxibustion, some people will have dizziness, dizziness, nausea, pale face, thin pulse, cold hands, low blood pressure, palpitation, sweating, and even fainting. This is mainly due to the first application of moxibustion, fasting fatigue, fear, weakness, improper posture, excessive moxa cone and excessive stimulation.Once moxibustion is found, it should be stopped immediately.During moxibustion, attention should be paid to ventilation and fire prevention.
(author: Doctor of cardiovascular department, Beijing Hospital of traditional Chinese Medicine)